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Great East Japan Earthquake

 map.png 🔴The Great East Japan Earthquake
 Name: The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
 Date and Time: 11 March 2011, 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC)
 Hypocenter: 38° 6.2′N, 142° 51.6′E (130km ESE off Oshika Peninsula), Depth 24km
 Magnitude: 9.0 (the largest earthquake recorded in Japan)
 JMA Seismic Intensity: 7 (max: Kurihara City, Miyagi Prefecture)

🔴Scope of Damages  (As of 10 March, 2020)
Human Casualties
 Deceased: 19,729
 Missing:  2,559
 Injured:   6,233
Damaged Buildings
 Completely destroyed: 121,996
 Half destroyed: 282,941
 Partially Destroyed: 748,461
As a result of the disaster, which caused triple disaster of earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident, approximately 20,000 people lost their lives and over 2,500 are still officially reported as missing, while a further 6,000 suffered injuries. In total, over 470,000 people were evacuated from their homes. As of the end of April 2020, the number of evacuees has decreased to approximately 44,000, among which approximately 3,000 people are still in temporary housings. *The update of the number of evacuees is available here (in Japanese))
 
Communities across northeastern Japan (Tohoku Region) suffered extensive and severe structural damage as a result of the earthquake and tsunami, including heavy damage to roads, railways, and airports, as well as many homes being left without electricity, gas and water. In total, approximately 122,000 buildings were totally destroyed, about 283,000 buildings suffered severe damage, and another approximately 748,000 buildings partially damaged.
 

According to information from the Cabinet Office, the direct financial damage from the disaster was estimated, as of June 2011, to be approximately 16.9 trillion yen (US$154 billion), with 10.4 trillion yen of damage to buildings, 1.3 trillion yen to lifeline utilities, 2.2 trillion yen to social infrastructure and 3.0 trillion yen to other areas. The World Bank estimated that the economic cost could reach up to US$235 billion, making it the costliest natural disaster in world history.

In addition, the tsunami triggered the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. To protect residents in areas surrounding the power station, the Government established evacuation zones (Areas of Evacuation Order) that required approximately 110,000 people to evacuate from their homes.

The evacuation orders have been lifted in almost all areas except “Difficult-to-Return Area” which was established by summer 2013, and the number of evacuees from Fukushima Prefecture has decreased from maximum approximately 164,000 to approximately 39,000 (as of April 2020).

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